China Country Guide 2022

China

The People’s Republic of China is a country in East Asia, and is the most populated country in the world. It is dynamic, vibrant, and boasts a wide variety of cultures, religion and geography; from bustling metropolises to stunning rural landscapes.

The workplace culture can be initially daunting for foreigners due to a lot of overtime, little annual leave and differing holidays, however, there is much less bureaucracy than in the West. China is also one of the safest countries due to a high police and CCTV presence, and  local life is quite cheap compared to other places.

  • Capital: Beijing
  • Spoken Languages: Mandarin (Yue (Cantonese), Xiang (Hunanese) as official minorities)
  • Currency: Chinese Yuan (CNY) – Renminbi (RMB)  (Interchangeable)
  • Minimum monthly wage: CNY 1,430 – 2,590 (Gross)

Entry Visa

Foreign citizens must obtain a Z-Class Visa (valid for 30 days) in order to first enter the country; the individual must first obtain a Foreigner’s Work Permit Notice online, and after that can apply for the visa at a Chinese embassy or consulate. The Work Notice is obtained by the employer, provided the potential employee has at least 2 years of professional work experience to fill the relevant vacancy, and does not have a criminal record.

Work Permit / Residence Permit

After entering the country, the individual must register at the local police station that governs the area where they are going to reside within 24 hours, and pass a medical verification as soon as possible.

A Work Permit must be acquired first, and this is overseen by the Ministry of Human Resources and the Social Insurance; the process can take up to 10 days, and the employer can help with that. After receiving the permit, the Residence Permit has to be obtained by the individual in person at the Exit-Entry Administration Bureau – after that, the individual is considered a resident in China.

Social Security Registration

Registration for Social Security is compulsory, and must be done by the employer within 30 days of the date the employee started work. 

Working Hours

According to labor laws, a standard working week in China is 8 hours/day, with a maximum of 44 hours/week; any other overtime must be compensated. However, this is not very well enforced.

Public Holidays

  • 01 – 03 January (New Year’s Day)
  • 31 January  – 06 February (Chinese New Year / Spring Festival)
  • 03 – 05 April (Quingming Festival / Tomb Sweeping Day)
  • 30 April – 04 May (Labor Day)
  • 03 – 05 June (Dragon Boat Festival)
  • 10 – 12 September (Mid-Autumn Festival)
  • 01 – 07 October (National Day)

Vacation Allowance

The vacation allowance in China is dependent on the employee’s years of work experience. If an employee does not use all the allowance, the employer is required to compensate them 200% of their daily wage per day of leave that they did not take.

Number of Years WorkedLeave Amount (Days)
< 10
1 – 105
10 – 2010
20 +15

Sick Leave

The amount of sick leave an employee is entitled to in China depends on their seniority in the company and amount of years worked; the compensation is also calculated based on these rules.

Work ExperienceYears with current employerAllowed sick leave
< 10 years< 5 years3 months
< 10 years≥ 5 years6 months
< 10 years< 5 years6 months
≥ 10 years≥ 5 years, < 10 years9 months
≥ 10 years≥ 10 years, < 15 years12 months
≥ 10 years≥ 15 years, < 20 years18 months
≥ 10 years≥ 20 years24 months
Years of consecutive service at the companySick-leave wage as a percentage of an employee’s salary
During the first 6 months
< 2 years60%
2–4 years70%
4–6 years80%
6–8 years90%
≥ 8 years100%
Consecutive leave more than 6 months
< 1 year40%
1–3 years50%
> 3 years60%

Maternity / Paternity leave

  • Maternity: 158 days (May differ slightly depending on the province)
  • Paternity: 14 days (May differ slightly depending on the province)
  • Childcare Leave: 5 – 15 days / year for each parent until the child reaches 3 / 6 years old (depending on province)

Termination & Severance

Upon employment termination, the employee is entitled to severance pay as long as they worked at the company for more than 6 months, and amounts to a month’s pay per year worked in the company (6-12 months counts as one year). This amount can be negotiated with the employer during the signing of the employment contract.

Notice Period

The standard notice period is 1 month for both employer and employee; however, if the termination is coming from the side of the employer, they may choose to pay the employee a month’s wages instead.

Social Security

Employee social insurance contributions are deducted automatically from the wage and paid by the employer. The contribution amounts vary slightly depending on the local jurisdiction of the company.

City

Shanghai

Beijing

Guangzhou

Insurance Type

Employer

Employee

Employer

Employee

Employer

Employee

Pension

16%

8%

16%

8%

14%

8%

Medical

10.5%

2%

9.8%

2%

6.35%

2%

Unemployment

0.5%

0.5%

0.5%

0.5%

0.32% –
0.8%

0.2%

Work-related injury

0.16% –
1.52%

0%

0.2% –
1.9%

0%

0.1% –
0.7%

0%

Total

27.16% –
28.52%

10.5%

26.5% –
28.2%

10.5%

20.77% –
21.85%

10.2%

Ceiling for monthly salary base

CNY 31,014

CNY 28,221

CNY 22,941 – Pension

CNY 33,786 – Other

Pension

Pension in China is covered by Social Security contributions, and all individuals working in the country are eligible to the benefits regardless of their nationality, provided they have reached the required age and have completed a 15 year pension insurance period.

Taxation

The Chinese fiscal year runs from January 1 to December 31.

Tax Rates

The following progressive rates apply for 2022. Tax payable is calculated by (Taxable Income * Tax Rate) – (Quick Deduction).

Annual Taxable Income (CNY)Rate (%)Quick Deduction (%)
0 – 36,0003%0
36,001 –  144,00010%2.520
144,001 – 300,00020%16,920
300,001 – 420,00025%31,920
420,001 – 660,00030%52,920
660,001 – 960,00035%85,920
960,001 +45%181,920

Tax Returns

The annual income tax return must be filed between 1 March and 30 June of the following year, either online or by visiting the local Tax Office.

Double Taxation

China has tax treaties with multiple other countries, which can reduce payable tax on certain incomes.

Health Insurance

While China does have public health care that is available to foreigners, it is possible to obtain private insurance coverage. Some companies also offer their employees benefits from their worldwide group health insurance scheme.

Cost of Living

The cost of living in China is generally on the low side; however, it does depend on the province. The estimated monthly cost for a single person is around CNY 3,300 – 6,700, with 2,600 – 4,600 going to rent.


How We Can Help

We provide a full set of services in China allowing corporate clients, recruitment agencies and professional contractors to operate in an optimal manner while ensuring that all local employment obligations are taken care of.

Access Financial offers the following solutions in China:

  • Employed Solution
  • Employer of Record (EOR)

If you would like to discuss how Access Financial can help in China, please contact us.

Disclaimer

WE HAVE PREPARED THIS AS A GUIDE ONLY; IT DOES NOT FORM PART OF AN OFFER. PLEASE REQUEST ILLUSTRATIONS BASED ON YOUR SPECIFIC CASE FROM ONE OF OUR SOLUTION MANAGERS.